Roman Forts in Cumbria and the Lake District

Aside from its magnificent lakes and majestic scenery, the Lake District is also home to a stunning range of Roman forts and historical monuments.

Historians visiting the Lake District are spoilt for choice when it comes to Roman forts and monuments, which are scattered throughout the region.

Hard Knott Roman Fort

One of the loneliest posts of the Roman Empire, Hard Knott is located high above Eskdale on the western slopes of Hardknott Pass. Established in the 2nd century AD, the foundations form part of a former commandant´s house, barracks, parade ground and bath house. Spectacular scenery surrounds Hardknott Pass.

Ambleside Roman Fort

Ambleside Roman Fort is situated at the head of Lake Windermere, and was built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in order to guard the road from Ravenglass, south of Penrith. The Roman remains include the commandant´s house and the original granary foundations. This location is also known as Galava Roman Fort.

Birdoswald Fort and Hadrian´s Wall

Birdoswald is one of the best Roman forts along Hadrian´s Wall and is set among the stunning scenery of the North Pennines. The perfect place for a family day out, Birdoswald is well located if you are cycling or walking along Hadrian´s Wall.

Explore the extensive remains and the longest continuous remaining stretch of this amazing World Heritage Site. The site is also a real nature haven and visitors can enjoy the wildlife around the fort.

Hare Hill – Hadrian´s Wall

This is a short section of Hadrian´s Wall, and although there has been some later re-facing carried out, the core of the wall is original, and stands around 9 feet high. Banks Turret, a small fort on the wall is just one mile to the east and medieval Lanercost Priory is less than a mile away.

Harrow´s Scar Milecastle (Hadrian´s Wall)

This Roman milecastle on Hadrian´s Wall is situated on the western side of the River Irthing Gorge and is part of the well preserved section of Hadrian´s Wall. Harrow´s Scar is connected to Birdoswald Roman Fort, one of the most important along the wall.

Ravenglass Roman Bath House

Ravenglass Roman Bath House is associated with the fort of Glannaventa, just across the lane, and plenty of the original buildings remain to be explored. The walls are over 12 feet high, making this one of the tallest surviving Roman sites in northern England. Dating back to the period between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD, the fort was built to guard the harbour at Ravenglass.

Leahill Turret and Piper Sike Turret

These two turrets formed part of the Hadrian´s Wall defences. Leahill was built in 122 AD and later demolished in the early 3rd century. The turret is approximately 13.5 feet by 14.5 feet across and only the foundation walls remain. The turret stands beside the wall as a freestanding structure.

If you are planning to explore the Lake District and its historical monuments, why not book into a romantic Windermere cottage and make the most of this stunning part of England.